February
21
 

Many Dutch doctors open to euthanasia for existential suffering

Around one in three Dutch doctors would be prepared to help someone with early dementia, mental illness, or who is ‘tired of living’ to die, reveals a small survey published online in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

In the Netherlands, euthanasia or assisted suicide for those whose suffering is psychiatric/psychological in nature is legally permissible, but it represents a fraction of the numbers of patients who are helped to die in this way.

And while there is no ‘right’ to euthanasia, the freedom of a doctor to refuse the request on personal grounds has been widely debated, following some well-publicised cases. 

In a bid to find out what Dutch doctors think of euthanasia and assisted suicide, the researchers canvassed the views of 2500 randomly targeted general practitioners (family doctors) and specialists in the fields of elderly care, cardiology, respiratory medicine, intensive care, neurology and internal medicine… click here to read whole article and make comments




 
February
21
 

Colombia may finally legalise euthanasia

The assisted suicide of American woman Brittany Maynard on November 1 may have tipped Colombia into legalising euthanasia.

Euthanasia has been in legal limbo in the South American nation since a decision by its Constitutional Court in 1997 that “mercy killing” was constitutional and that doctors who cooperated should not be prosecuted. It urged the government to pass a law to regulate the procedure. The government did nothing. Even sympathetic doctors were afraid to test the law and refused to have anything to do with euthanasia.

However, the issue continued to simmer away. One notorious doctor, Gustavo Quintana, claims that he has killed 200 patients in Colombia and abroad.

Apparently the death of Ms Maynard in Oregon has given new life to the issue, according to the PanAm Post. In November Senator Armando Benedetti, who has introduced three euthanasia bills in the Colombian Congress,… click here to read whole article and make comments




 
February
21
 

Professionalise surrogacy, say New Zealand academics

Two New Zealand academics have proposed that surrogacy become a profession like nursing or teaching which is fully integrated into the health system. Writing in the journal Bioethics, Ruth Walker  and Liezl van Zyl, of the University of Waikato, contend that both commercial and altruistic surrogacy have so many potential moral, legal and emotional complications that a complete change in the framework is needed.

Their discussion centres on decisions about whether to abort a surrogate mother’s foetus if there is a substantial abnornamlity. It would be unethical for commissioning parents to request abortion for a minor abnormality like a cleft palate, but in cases of severe abnormality, “abortion would be the morally responsible thing to do”.

Often, however, the intending parents and the surrogate mother quarrel over the fate of the baby. In a commercial model, parents often demand that the baby be aborted, which treats… click here to read whole article and make comments




 
February
21
 

Paternity presumption threatens same-sex marriage

 

Sheena and Tiara Yates   

Despite the advance of same-sex marriage in the US, it may be some time before the law is scrubbed clean of the presumption that a male/female relationship constitutes a family.

A legally-married lesbian couple in New Jersey, Sheena and Tiara Yates, are fighting requests for visitation rights from their two children’s biological fathers.

Both men had signed written agreements that they would not interfere at all in raising the children. But after the births, they reneged. Unfortunately for the couple, New Jersey supports the presumption of paternity by the biological fathers. It does allow the extinction of paternal rights, but only if the sperm donation is performed under the supervision of a doctor. The agreements made by the women, however, were informal and thus unenforceable.

"Emotionally it's very hard for us," Sheena Yates told the media. "All… click here to read whole article and make comments




 
February
21
 

Disgraced researcher Hwang Woo-suk teams up with US scientist

One of the world’s leading stem cell scientists has entered a partnership with the disgraced Korean researcher Hwang Woo-suk to pursue cloning research in China, Science reports.

Shoukhrat Mitalipov, of the Oregon Health & Science University in Portland, was the first to successfully derive stem cells from a cloned human embryo in 2013. A South Korean newspaper, Dong-A Ilbo,  has revealed that he will be working with Hwang on both animal and human cloning.

Hwang came undone in 2006 after it was discovered that two papers he had published claiming that he had created human embryonic stem cells were bogus. He was convicted of fraud and bioethics violations but received a suspended sentence. For many Koreans, he is still a hero.

Mitalipov's "strength is in primate stem cells,” Hwang told the newspaper. “My specialty is in cell nuclear transplantation. So we've agreed that if we combine… click here to read whole article and make comments




 
February
21
 

Should we rethink our rescue intuitions?

The rescue instinct is a principle deeply set in our psyche – when we encounter someone whose life is at immediate risk we feel an obligation to rescue them. No normal person would stand by as a child drowns in a pool, for example.

But how analogous is this situation to various vexed situations in clinical practice? And what do we do when we have only limited healthcare resources to allocate?

A new article in the American Journal of Bioethics argues that we are often led astray by the ‘rescue instinct’, and that our allocation of healthcare resources needs to be revised in light of other equally important considerations. 

Nancy S. Jecker of the University of Washington School of Medicine believes we are often misled by our rescue intuitions.

Jecker premises her article ‘Rethinking Rescue Medicine’ on a social observation:

“Although society invests in rescuing needy… click here to read whole article and make comments



 
February
21
 

The bioethics of precision medicine

The idea of ‘precision medicine’ has become the subject of much discussion, following US President Barak Obama’s 2015 State of the Union address. In his speech, President Obama promised to invest $215 million in a ground-breaking ‘precision medicine’ initiative, with the short-term aim of running drug trials for targeted cancer treatments.

Precision medicine sounds great in theory – it gives clinicians tools to identify the specific molecular/genetic profile underlying a patient’s health, disease, or condition, and thus offer more effective, targeted treatments.

But are there any attendant bioethical concerns?

De Paul University bioethicist Craig Klugeman has raised questions about privacy controls on genetic information:

“Privacy is the main bioethical issue raised by the framers of this initiative. Given the record of companies and institutions with maintaining online privacy, I’m not sure we should yet be confident that privacy could be assured. And then consider… click here to read whole article and make comments




 
February
15
 

“My brother is the father of my son”

Here’s a Valentine’s Day story from the British press. “My brother is the 'father' of my son” is the headline over an article in the Telegraph about celebrity UK branding expert Mary Portas, aka Mary Queen of Shops. A lesbian, Ms Portas asked her brother to donate sperm to impregnate her spouse, Melanie Rickey. Their child, Horatio, was born two years ago.

Ms Portas told the London Times in a puff interview for her autobiography Shop Girl that with her brother’s help, she was able to have a genetic relationship with her son. Horatio calls Ms Portas 'Mama' and Ms Rickey 'Mummy'. Her brother is referred to as 'Daddy'.

IVF specialist Simon Fishel told the Times that sibling donations were becoming much more common, although usually a sister or mother would donate eggs to a sibling or daughter.

 “It would have been more unusual ten years… click here to read whole article and make comments



 
February
14
 

UK may cut welfare if you don’t diet

If you are a fat, unemployed Brit, a long Lent lies before you. Prime Minister David Cameron will announce today that people on sickness benefits because of obesity or alcohol or drug addiction could lose them if they do not follow doctor’s orders.

Mr Cameron has asked health expert Prof Dame Carol Black to study whether benefits should be withheld from those who refuse assistance. His prepared remarks say:

“Too many people are stuck on sickness benefits because of issues that could be addressed but instead are not. Some have drug or alcohol problems, but refuse treatment. In other cases, people have problems with their weight that could be addressed, but instead a life on benefits rather than work becomes the choice.
“It is not fair to ask hardworking taxpayers to fund the benefits of people who refuse to accept the support and treatment that could help them get back to a… click here to read whole article and make comments



 
February
14
 

Euthanasia cases leap in Dutch clinic

A Dutch euthanasia clinic cautioned three times by authorities in the past year has experienced a massive leap in the number of patients requesting assistance in dying.

In 2014, the Levenseindekliniek in The Hague received 1035 requests for euthanasia, up from 749 in 2013.

Of the 1035, 232 people were actually given euthanasia (up by 98 from 2013). 

The organisation believes the remarkable increase to be the result of increased publicity.

Last year they received widespread media attention after being reprimanded by the Regional Euthanasia Review Committee (RTE) for failing to refer a patient to a psychiatrist before euthanasia. The patient, a 47-year-old mother of two, was suffering from severe tinnitus.

Most of the 232 people given euthanasia by the Levenseindekliniek last year were suffering from physical conditions such as MS, ALS or effects of a stroke. Slightly less than a quarter had cancer and 20 per… click here to read whole article and make comments




 

Page 1 of 431 :  1 2 3 >  Last ›


 Search BioEdge

 Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter
rss Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed

 from the editor: Pointed Remarks
The noble lie
22 Feb 2015
Poverty and health
14 Feb 2015
Canada legalises assisted suicide
8 Feb 2015

 Be a fan of BioEdge on Facebook

 Best of the web

 Recent Posts
Many Dutch doctors open to euthanasia for existential suffering
21 Feb 2015
Colombia may finally legalise euthanasia
21 Feb 2015
Professionalise surrogacy, say New Zealand academics
21 Feb 2015
Paternity presumption threatens same-sex marriage
21 Feb 2015
Disgraced researcher Hwang Woo-suk teams up with US scientist
21 Feb 2015